Acknowledgements This city of Jerusalem I have set in the midst of nations, with other countries round about her. During the Middle Ages, strong religious influences caused some mapmakers to deliberately place Jerusalem at the exact center or "navel" of the world, in accordance with Biblical descriptions. This format was not widely adopted until the thirteenth century, following the Crusades and the consequent popular identification of Jerusalem as a primary spiritual center. With the advent of the Renaissance, new discoveries and improved geographic concepts changed the extent and shape of the known world and rendered Jerusalem-centered maps obsolete.
The first known mention of the city was in c. Canaanite and New Kingdom Egyptian period Further information: City of David Archaeological evidence suggests that by the 17th century BCE, the Canaanites had built massive walls 4 and 5 ton boulders, 26 feet high on the eastern side of Jerusalem to protect their ancient water system.
The gradual loss of a central power gave rise to independent kingdoms in the region. According to the Bible, Jerusalem at this time was known as Jebus and its independent Canaanite inhabitants at this time were known as Jebusites. Independent Israel and Judah House of David period This article uncritically uses texts from within a religion or faith system without referring to secondary sources that critically analyze them.
Please help improve this article by adding references to reliable secondary sourceswith multiple points of view. March Learn how and when to remove this template message According to the Bible, the Israelite history of the city began in c.
Nevertheless, the masoretic text for the Books of Samuel states that David managed to capture the city by stealth, sending his forces through a "water shaft" and attacking the city from the inside.
Archaeologists now view this as implausible as the Gihon spring — the only known location from which water shafts lead into the city — is now known to have been heavily defended and hence an attack via this route would have been obvious rather than secretive.
The Temple became a major cultural centre in the region; eventually, particularly after religious reforms such as those of Hezekiah and of Josiahthe Jerusalem temple became the main place of worship, at the expense of other, formerly powerful, ritual centres, such as Shiloh and Bethel.
However, according to K. Noll, in Canaan and Israel in Antiquity: A Textbook on History and Religion, the Biblical account of the centralization of worship in Jerusalem is a fiction, although by the time of Josiah, the territory he ruled was so small that the Jerusalem temple became de facto the only shrine left.
Archaeologists are divided over whether the biblical narrative is supported by the evidence from excavations. Thompson argues that it only became a city and capable of acting as a state capital in the middle of the 7th century.
And half a century later, the city was sacked by Jehoash of Israelwho destroyed the walls and took Amaziah of Judah prisoner. By the end of the First Temple Period, Jerusalem was the sole acting religious shrine in the kingdom and a centre of regular pilgrimage; a fact which archaeologists generally view as being corroborated by the evidence,[ citation needed ] though there remained a more personal cult involving Asherah figures, which are found spread throughout the land right up to the end of this era.
It had survived an Assyrian siege in BCE by Sennacheribunlike Samaria, the capital of the northern Kingdom of Israel, that had fallen some twenty years previously. The Babylonians then took Zedekiah into captivity, along with prominent members of Judah.
After 52 days of rule, Yishmael, son of Netaniah, a surviving descendant of Zedekiah, assassinated Gedaliah after encouragement by Baalisthe king of Ammon. Some of the remaining population of Judah, fearing the vengeance of Nebuchadnezzar, fled to Egypt. Persian Achaemenid Empire period This article uncritically uses texts from within a religion or faith system without referring to secondary sources that critically analyze them.
April See also: These events represent the final chapter in the historical narrative of the Hebrew Bible. Classical antiquity See also: As a result of the rebellion, Jerusalem became the capital of the independent Hasmonean Kingdom.
Hasmonean Period The Hasmonean Kingdom lasted for years. When the brothers Hyrcanus and Aristobulus each asked for Rome to intervene on their behalf, Judea fell under the greater rule of Rome as an autonomous province but still with a significant amount of independence.
Herod ruled the Province of Judea as a client-king of the Romansrebuilt the Second Templeupgraded the surrounding complex, and expanded the minting of coins to many denominations.
In it was a Temple possessing enormous riches.
Inside wall from the Arch of TitusRome. The Menorah from the Temple is seen being carried in the victory procession. First Jewish revolt shekel issued in 68, saying " Shekel Israel, year 3", and on the reverse:The a history and overview of the camera finding the logical explanation for the gap in time new The controversial human cloning Aish Center hosts thousands of visitors annually to a variety of educational programs including the world-famous Discovery Seminar, the Jerusalem Fellowships.
Jerusalem is an ancient city located in ancient Judah that is now the capital of barnweddingvt.com city has a history that goes back to the 4th millennium BCE, making it one of the oldest cities in the world. It is the holiest city in Judaism and Christianity and has been the spiritual center of the Jewish people since c.
BCE, when David the King of Israel . Judah and Jerusalem: an intertwined biblical history. To understand our current dilemmas, a strong sense of Bible history is supremely important! It is an accurate guide, especially in understanding this long-troubled region. A relationship between the Jews (the tribe of Judah) and Jerusalem began early in the history of ancient Israel.
This Hebrew king captured the city of Jerusalem and transformed it into the political and religious center of his kingdom. David The single most important contribution of the Phoenicians to western civilization was __. This 2-hour documentary on the archaeological roots of Jerusalem covers its history as a Jewish, Christian, and Muslim religious center.
Like most PBS documentaries, it is richly produced and beautifully filmed, being flawed only insofar that it is tremendously boring. Since Jerusalem was located near the middle of the known world of antiquity, it naturally occupied a central position on early world maps.
During the Middle Ages, strong religious influences caused some mapmakers to deliberately place Jerusalem at the exact center or "navel" of the world, in accordance with Biblical descriptions.